Influence of stocking density on the zootechnical performance of Litopenaeus vannamei during the nursery phase in a biofloc system

  • Euclides SILVA Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Laboratório de Tecnologia em Aquicultura
  • Juvêncio SILVA Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Laboratório de Tecnologia em Aquicultura
  • Felipe FERREIRA Aquacultura Campo Novo
  • Marcelo SOARES Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Laboratório de Tecnologia em Aquicultura -
  • Roberta SOARES Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Laboratório de Tecnologia em Aquicultura
  • Silvio PEIXOTO Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Laboratório de Tecnologia em Aquicultura


This study evaluated the zootechnical performance of the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei reared at different stocking densities during the nursery phase in a biofloc culture system. The experiment consisted of four treatments with three replicates, corresponding to the densities of 1,500, 3,000, 4,500 and 6,000 shrimp m-2. Twelve 300 L circular plastic tanks (microcosms) with a bottom area of 0.5 m2 were randomly stocked with shrimp (0.004 g), according to the treatment and maintained for 35 days. These tanks were supplied by biofloc water from a 200 m2 matrix tank (macrocosm), where L. vannamei was reared with the stocking density of 300 shrimp m-2. The water quality parameters remained within acceptable limits throughout the experiment. The zootechnical performance results showed significant differences (P<0.05) among treatments. The values of final weight were higher in shrimp reared at the densities of 1,500; 3,000 and 4,500 m -², whereas survival was significantly reduced at 4,500 and 6,000 shrimp m-2. The density of 3,000 shrimp m-2 was judged the most appropriate considering the zootechnical performance for the nursery phase of L. vannamei in a biofloc technology system in northeastern Brazil.


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How to Cite
SILVA, Euclides et al. Influence of stocking density on the zootechnical performance of Litopenaeus vannamei during the nursery phase in a biofloc system. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 41, n. especial, p. 777-783, nov. 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 13 aug. 2022.