REPRODUCTIVE ASPECTS OF THE PRAWN <i>Macrobrachium amazonicum</i> IN A CONTINENTAL POPULATION LIVING DOWNSTREAM OF A HYDROELECTRIC DAM

  • Lubia Maciel MIRANDA Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, campus Iturama - UFTM-CIT, Grupo de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão em Animais Aquáticos - GEPEAA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5042-7705
  • Larissa Rosa RODRIGUES Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP, Instituto de Biociências http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0242-2325
  • João Alberto Farinelli PANTALEÃO Universidade de São Paulo – USP, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto – FFCLRP, Departamento de Biologia, Laboratório de Bioecologia e Sistemática de Crustáceos – LBSC http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0067-5465
  • Luciana Segura de ANDRADE Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, campus Iturama - UFTM-CIT, Grupo de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão em Animais Aquáticos - GEPEAA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9936-3730

Abstract

The migratory behavior of females of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) can indicate a strategy that optimizes the population establishment. With this idea in mind, we evaluated the reproductive biology of M. amazonicum, hypothesizing that females were evenly distributed downstream of Hydroelectric Dam. Specimens were collected monthly for one year, from six sites of Rio Grande river. The specimens were sexed and measured (carapace length; CL). A total of 14,697 adults were captured, 2,864 males (AM), 11,082 non-breeding females (AF) and 751 breeding females (BF). The smallest BF had 3.8 mm CL. The distribution of demographic groups was assessed by a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which explained 95.16% of the distribution over the collection sites. Breeding females were more abundant in the sites closest to the dam. This result can be explained by rainfall, which varied significantly throughout the year. As the breeding females migrated upstream toward the dam and were more abundant there, our
hypothesis of homogeneous distribution was rejected. This behavior probably optimizes larval dispersion. The reproduction was continuous with peaks in the period preceding the maximum rainfall.

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Published
2020-12-14
How to Cite
MIRANDA, Lubia Maciel et al. REPRODUCTIVE ASPECTS OF THE PRAWN Macrobrachium amazonicum IN A CONTINENTAL POPULATION LIVING DOWNSTREAM OF A HYDROELECTRIC DAM. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 46, n. 3, dec. 2020. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1545>. Date accessed: 12 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305.2020.46.3.589.